Journal article

Plasma endothelin-1 and adrenomedullin are associated with coronary artery function and cardiovascular outcomes in humans

James Theuerle, Omar Farouque, Sheran Vasanthakumar, Sheila K Patel, Louise M Burrell, David J Clark, Ali H Al-Fiadh

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CARDIOLOGY | ELSEVIER IRELAND LTD | Published : 2019

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Endothelin-1 (ET-1) is a vasoconstrictor associated with cardiovascular disease, whereas adrenomedullin (ADM) is a vasorelaxant with cardioprotective properties. We sought to determine the relationship between plasma ET-1 and ADM with coronary circulatory function and long-term major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE). METHODS: Thirty-two patients undergoing coronary angiography for chest pain were recruited. Baseline plasma ET-1 and ADM levels were measured. The index of microcirculatory resistance (IMR), coronary flow mediated dilatation (cFMD) and coronary flow reserve (CFR) were measured in a non-obstructed coronary artery. Patients were assessed for MACE over a median peri..

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