A multilevel study of neighborhood disadvantage, individual socioeconomic position, and body mass index: Exploring cross-level interaction effects
Jerome N Rachele, Christina J Schmid, Wendy J Brown, Andrea Nathan, Carlijn BM Kamphuis, Gavin Turrell
PREVENTIVE MEDICINE REPORTS | ELSEVIER | Published : 2019
This study examined associations between neighborhood disadvantage and body mass index (BMI), and tested whether this differed by level of individual socioeconomic position (SEP). Data were from 9953 residents living in 200 neighborhoods in Brisbane, Australia in 2007. Multilevel linear regression analyses were undertaken by gender to determine associations between neighborhood disadvantage, individual SEP (education, occupation and household income) and BMI (from self-reported height and weight); with cross-level interactions testing whether the relationship between neighborhood disadvantage and BMI differed by level of individual SEP. Both men (Quintile 4, where Quintile 5 is the most disa..View full abstract
Awarded by National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC)
Awarded by NHMRC Centre for Research Excellence in Healthy, Liveable and Equitable Communities
The HABITAT study is funded by the National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) (ID 497236, 339718, 1047453). JNR was supported by the NHMRC Centre for Research Excellence in Healthy, Liveable and Equitable Communities (ID 1061404) at the time this research was undertaken.