Journal article

A multilevel study of neighborhood disadvantage, individual socioeconomic position, and body mass index: Exploring cross-level interaction effects

Jerome N Rachele, Christina J Schmid, Wendy J Brown, Andrea Nathan, Carlijn BM Kamphuis, Gavin Turrell

PREVENTIVE MEDICINE REPORTS | ELSEVIER | Published : 2019

Abstract

This study examined associations between neighborhood disadvantage and body mass index (BMI), and tested whether this differed by level of individual socioeconomic position (SEP). Data were from 9953 residents living in 200 neighborhoods in Brisbane, Australia in 2007. Multilevel linear regression analyses were undertaken by gender to determine associations between neighborhood disadvantage, individual SEP (education, occupation and household income) and BMI (from self-reported height and weight); with cross-level interactions testing whether the relationship between neighborhood disadvantage and BMI differed by level of individual SEP. Both men (Quintile 4, where Quintile 5 is the most disa..

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Grants

Awarded by National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC)


Awarded by NHMRC Centre for Research Excellence in Healthy, Liveable and Equitable Communities


Funding Acknowledgements

The HABITAT study is funded by the National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) (ID 497236, 339718, 1047453). JNR was supported by the NHMRC Centre for Research Excellence in Healthy, Liveable and Equitable Communities (ID 1061404) at the time this research was undertaken.