Journal article

5-Formylcytosine controls nucleosome positioning through covalent histone-DNA interaction

Eun-Ang Raiber, Guillem Portella, Sergio Martínez Cuesta, Robyn Hardisty, Pierre Murat, Zhe Li, Mario Iurlaro, Wendy Dean, Julia Spindel, Dario Beraldi, Mark Dawson, Wolf Reik, Shankar Balasubramanian

Published : 2017

Abstract

Nucleosomes are the basic unit of chromatin that ensure genome integrity and control access to the genetic information. The organization of nucleosomes is influenced by the underlying DNA sequence itself, transcription factors or other transcriptional machinery associated proteins and chromatin remodeling complexes ( 1–4 ). Herein, we show that the naturally occurring DNA modification, 5-formylcytosine (5fC) contributes to the positioning of nucleosomes. We show that the ability of 5fC to position nucleosomes in vitro is associated with the formation of covalent interactions between histone residues and 5fC in the form of Schiff bases. We demonstrate that similar interactions can occur in a ..

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