Journal article

Import of extracellular ATP in yeast and man modulates AMPK and TORC1 signalling.

Gabriella M Forte, Elizabeth Davie, Shervi Lie, Mirita Franz-Wachtel, Ashley J Ovens, Tingting Wang, Jonathan S Oakhill, Boris Maček, Iain M Hagan, Janni Petersen

J Cell Sci | Published : 2019

Abstract

AMP-activated kinase (AMPK) and target of rapamycin (TOR) signalling coordinate cell growth, proliferation, metabolism and cell survival with the nutrient environment of cells. The poor vasculature and nutritional stress experienced by cells in solid tumours raises the question: how do they assimilate sufficient nutrients to survive? Here, we show that human and fission yeast cells import ATP and AMP from their external environment to regulate AMPK and TOR signalling. Exposure of fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe) and human cells to external AMP impeded cell growth; however, in yeast this restraining impact required AMPK. In contrast, external ATP rescued the growth defect of yeast mu..

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