Journal article

A large proportion of poor birth outcomes among Aboriginal Western Australians are attributable to smoking, alcohol and substance misuse, and assault

Alison Gibberd, Judy Simpson, Jocelyn Jones, Robyn Williams, Fiona Stanley, Sandra Eades

Published : 2019


Abstract Background Aboriginal infants have poorer birth outcomes than non-Aboriginal infants. Harmful use of tobacco, alcohol, and other substances is higher among Aboriginal women, as is violence, due to factors such as intergenerational trauma and poverty. We estimated the proportion of small for gestational age (SGA) births, preterm births, and perinatal deaths that could be attributed to these risks. Methods Birth, hospital, mental health, and death records for Aboriginal singleton infants born in Western Australia from 1998-2010 and their parents were linked. Using logistic regression with a generalized estimating equation approach, associations with birth outcomes and population attri..

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