Journal article

Reducing inequities in early childhood mental health: How might the neighborhood built environment help close the gap? a systematic search and critical review

A Alderton, K Villanueva, M O’connor, C Boulangé, H Badland

International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health | MDPI AG | Published : 2019

Abstract

Background: Optimal mental health in early childhood is key to later mental health, physical health, education, and social outcomes; yet, children facing disadvantage tend to have worse mental health and fewer opportunities to develop this foundation. An emerging body of research shows that neighborhoods provide important opportunities for the development of children’s mental health. Synthesizing this evidence can advance understandings of the features of the neighborhood built environment (e.g., housing, parks) that (1) promote optimal mental health in childhood and (2) reduce mental health inequities. Methods: We systematically searched and critically reviewed the international quantitativ..

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Grants

Awarded by Australian National Health and Medical Research


Funding Acknowledgements

A.A. is supported by an Australian Government Research Training Program (RTP) Scholarship. H.B. is supported by an RMIT Vice Chancellor's Senior Research Fellowship and is the Australian Health Promotion Association Thinker in Residence. C.B. is supported by an Australian National Health and Medical Research Grant (#9100003).