How Does It Feel to Be Treated Like an Object? Direct and Indirect Effects of Exposure to Sexual Objectification on Women's Emotions in Daily Life
Peter Koval, Elise Holland, Michael J Zyphur, Michelle Stratemeyer, Jennifer Makovec Knight, Natasha H Bailen, Renee J Thompson, Tomi-Ann Roberts, Nick Haslam
Journal of Personality and Social Psychology | American Psychological Association | Published : 2019
Exposure to sexual objectification is an everyday experience for many women, yet little is known about its emotional consequences. Fredrickson and Roberts' (1997) objectification theory proposed a within-person process, wherein exposure to sexual objectification causes women to adopt a third-person perspective on their bodies, labeled self-objectification, which has harmful downstream consequences for their emotional well-being. However, previous studies have only tested this model at the between-person level, making them unreliable sources of inference about the proposed intraindividual psychological consequences of objectification. Here, we report the results of Bayesian multilevel structu..View full abstract
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Awarded by Australian Research Council
This research was supported by a Discovery Project grant from the Australian Research Council (DP150103053) and funding from the Australian Catholic University.