Journal article

Regulatory T cells Contribute to Diabetes Protection in Lipopolysaccharide-Treated Non-Obese Diabetic Mice

I Caramalho, L Rodrigues-Duarte, A Perez, S Zelenay, C Penha-Goncalves, J Demengeot

SCANDINAVIAN JOURNAL OF IMMUNOLOGY | WILEY-BLACKWELL | Published : 2011

Abstract

It is well established that viral, parasitic or bacterial infections can prevent type 1 diabetes (T1D) occurrence in non-obese diabetic (NOD) mice. On the other hand, defects in CD4(+) Regulatory T cell (Treg) numbers and/or function contribute to T1D aetiology in NOD mice and in humans. In this work, we formally tested whether the protective role of the bacterial product lipopolysaccharide (LPS) on diabetes incidence results from enhanced Treg activity. We first report that weekly administration of LPS to young prediabetic NOD mice, presenting or not insulitis at the time of treatment, afforded full protection from diabetes. Taking advantage from the high but incomplete penetrance of diabe..

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University of Melbourne Researchers