Evaluation of dried blood spots for hepatitis B and D serology and nucleic acid testing.
Kathy Jackson, Thomas Holgate, Rosemary Tekoaua, Suellen Nicholson, Margaret Littlejohn, Stephen Locarnini
Journal of Medical Virology | Published : 2019
Areas with the highest burden of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection are often low-middle-income countries with limited access to diagnosis due to isolation, affordability, and/or feasibility. Dried blood spots (DBSs) provide an alternative for remote areas where collection and transportation of serum is impractical. In this study, the application of DBS for serological and molecular detection of HBV and hepatitis D virus (HDV) was evaluated. Hepatitis B surface antigen was detected in 87 of 91 (95.6%) DBS. Seventeen of 21 (81%) had detectable HBeAg and 52 of 71 (73.2%) were anti-HBe positive. Anti-HD was detectable in 11 of 12 (91.6%) spiked control DBS after an initial failure to detect in p..View full abstract