A hypertonic infusion in the treatment of experimental shock in calves and clinical shock in dogs and cats.
R Dupe, RJ Bywater, M Goddard
Vet Rec | Published : 1993
A novel composite hypertonic solution for intravenous use was tested in two experimental models, one of endotoxic shock and one of shock linked with dehydration, both in anaesthetised calves. Endotoxic shock was induced with Escherichia coli lipopolysaccharide and was characterised by a low cardiac output, hypoxaemia, acidosis and anuria. Treatment with a small volume of the solution increased cardiac output, improved oxygen carriage, corrected acidosis and stimulated renal function. Experimental dehydration in calves was induced by intraperitoneal mannitol and frusemide diuresis, and was characterised by reduced circulating plasma volume, acidosis and poor peripheral perfusion. Treatment wi..View full abstract