Internalizing and Externalizing Symptoms Are Associated With Different Trajectories of Cortical Development During Late Childhood
Sarah Whittle, Nandita Vijayakumar, Julian G Simmons, Nicholas B Allen
JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN ACADEMY OF CHILD AND ADOLESCENT PSYCHIATRY | ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC | Published : 2020
OBJECTIVE: Investigation of neurobiological differences between internalizing and externalizing symptoms in children is needed to better understand the unique pathophysiology of each, which may ultimately better target treatments and interventions. Longitudinal studies are critical, given the marked brain development that occurs in childhood; however, few such studies exist, and results are inconsistent. The aim of this study was to longitudinally investigate associations between internalizing and externalizing symptoms, and cortical thinning during late childhood. METHOD: Participants were 105 children (49 male) from the community, who underwent magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) brain scans,..View full abstract
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Awarded by Australian Research Council
Awarded by NHMRC Career Development Fellowship
This research was supported by the Australian Research Council (Discovery Grant ID DP130103551). Dr. Whittle is supported by an NHMRC Career Development Fellowship (ID: 1125504). The funding sources had no involvement in the study design, the collection, analysis, and interpretation of data, the writing of the report, or the decision to submit the article for publication.