Journal article

Reading Emotions From Faces in Two Indigenous Societies

Carlos Crivelli, Sergio Jarillo, James A Russell, Jose-Miguel Fernandez-Dols



That all humans recognize certain specific emotions from their facial expression-the Universality Thesis-is a pillar of research, theory, and application in the psychology of emotion. Its most rigorous test occurs in indigenous societies with limited contact with external cultural influences, but such tests are scarce. Here we report 2 such tests. Study 1 was of children and adolescents (N = 68; aged 6-16 years) of the Trobriand Islands (Papua New Guinea, South Pacific) with a Western control group from Spain (N = 113, of similar ages). Study 2 was of children and adolescents (N = 36; same age range) of Matemo Island (Mozambique, Africa). In both studies, participants were shown an array of ..

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Awarded by Spanish Government's Grant

Funding Acknowledgements

This research was funded by the Spanish Government's Grant PSI2014-57154-P, by a grant from Boston College awarded to James A. Russell, and by a Predoctoral Fellowship (FPI-UAM2012) awarded to Carlos Crivelli. We thank Antonio Pardo and Rachael E. Jack for comments on a draft of this article. We thank National Research Institute of Papua New Guinea, Daniel Pulayasi, Camilus Mlabwema, Claire Bomlabwaga, Moses Moyobova, Dorothy Kwenama, Tabini Moses, the members of the Catholic Missions of Gusaweta and Wapipi, the members of Kabwaku and Kaisiga elementary schools, Arlen Dilsizian, the civil and religious authorities of Matemo Island, Mr. Dade and his family, Mr. Cobre, Mr. Salimo, as well as Misaula, Namba, and Manacombo schoolmasters for their help in the field. We also thank Jaime Guijarro and Joyfe School for their support during data collection in Madrid (Spain).