Journal article

Effect of macronutrient composition on meal-induced thermogenesis in adolescents with obesity

Kay Nguo, Catherine E Huggins, Helen Truby, Justin Brown, Maxine P Bonham

EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF NUTRITION | SPRINGER HEIDELBERG | Published : 2019

Abstract

PURPOSE: Manipulation of meal macronutrient may be a useful way to modulate meal-induced thermogenesis (MIT) to induce increases in energy expenditure. The objective of this study was to examine in adolescents with obesity and of healthy weight and the effect of a high protein and high carbohydrate meal on MIT. METHODS: An acute cross-over study with adolescents aged 11-19 years was undertaken. Participants consumed in random order, a high 79% carbohydrate (HCHO), and a high 55% protein (HP) meal (adjusted to 25% of energy requirements). MIT and subjective appetite were assessed for 4 h postprandial and an ad libitum lunch served. Data calculated as total AUC and expressed as mean ± SEM. RES..

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University of Melbourne Researchers