Journal article

Energy intake of shift workers compared to fixed day workers: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Maxine P Bonham, Emily K Bonnell, Catherine E Huggins

CHRONOBIOLOGY INTERNATIONAL | TAYLOR & FRANCIS INC | Published : 2016

Abstract

Shift work is an established risk factor for a number of chronic conditions associated with excess energy intake including obesity, cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes. This systematic review investigated whether the 24 h energy intake of shift workers differs to that of fixed day workers. Included articles compared energy intake of shift workers (shift included midnight) with fixed day workers. There were 10 367 day workers and 4726 shift workers from 12 studies included in the qualitative analysis and meta-analyses. The standardised mean difference (95% CI) in energy intake between shift and day workers was -0.04 (-0.11, 0.03); I(2) = 54%. Qualitative results on macronutrient intake..

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University of Melbourne Researchers