Journal article

TOLERANCE TO THE ANTICONVULSANT EFFECTS OF PHENOBARBITAL, TRIMETHADIONE, AND CLONAZEPAM IN KINDLED RATS - CROSS TOLERANCE TO CARBAMAZEPINE

CK KIM, JPJ PINEL, MM HUDDA, DJ WONG, A YUNG

PHARMACOLOGY BIOCHEMISTRY AND BEHAVIOR | PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD | Published : 1992

Abstract

The kindled-convulsion model was used to assess the development of tolerance and cross tolerance to the anticonvulsant effects of antiepileptic drugs. In Experiment 1, tolerance developed to the anticonvulsant effects of bidaily (one every 48 h) IP injections of phenobarbital, trimethadione, and clonazepam on convulsions elicited 1 h after each injection in kindled rats by amygdala stimulation. In Experiment 2, kindled rats that were tolerant to the anticonvulsant effects of phenobarbital, trimethadione, or clonazepam received bidaily IP injections of carbamazepine, each followed 1 h later by a convulsive amygdala stimulation. There was a statistically significant transfer of tolerance from ..

View full abstract

University of Melbourne Researchers