Higher Sun Exposure is Associated With Lower Risk of Pediatric Inflammatory Bowel Disease: A Matched Case-control Study
Elizabeth Ann Holmes, Anne-Louise Ponsonby, Angela Pezic, Justine A Ellis, Carl D Kirkwood, Robyn M Lucas
Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition | LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS | Published : 2019
OBJECTIVES: The incidence of pediatric inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is increasing worldwide. Ecological studies show higher incidence in regions at higher latitude or lower ambient ultraviolet radiation; individual-level associations with sun exposure have not been assessed. METHODS: We recruited children (0-17 years) with IBD from 2 large hospitals in Melbourne, Australia. Control participants were recruited from the day surgery unit of one of the same hospitals. Questionnaires provided data on demographics, past sun exposure, the likelihood of sunburn (skin sensitivity) or tanning following sun exposure, use of sun protection, physical activity, and parental smoking and education. Gran..View full abstract
This work was supported by funding by the National Health and Medical Research Council of Australia through Senior Research Fellowships for R.M.L., A-L.P., and C.K.