War and wildlife: linking armed conflict to conservation
Kaitlyn M Gaynor, Kathryn J Fiorella, Gillian H Gregory, David J Kurz, Katherine L Seto, Lauren S Withey, Justin S Brashares
Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment | WILEY | Published : 2016
Armed conflict throughout the world's biodiversity hotspots poses a critical threat to conservation efforts. To date, research and policy have focused more on the ultimate outcomes of conflict for wildlife rather than on the ecological, social, and economic processes that create those outcomes. Yet the militarization that accompanies armed conflict, as well as consequent changes in governance, economies, and human settlement, has diverse influences on wildlife populations and habitats. To better understand these complex dynamics, we summarized 144 case studies from around the world and identified 24 distinct pathways linking armed conflict to wildlife outcomes. The most commonly cited pathwa..View full abstract
Awarded by NSF-GEO grant
We thank R Huang, M Raphael, and Q Brashares for assistance with the literature review. This work was supported by partial funding from NSF-GEO grant CNH115057 (to JSB), NSF GRFP (to KMG, DJK, KLS, LSW), and NSF DDRI, Philomathia Fellowship, and Atkinson Postdoctoral Fellowship (to KJF).