Journal article

Is leader-member exchange (LMX) differentiation beneficial or detrimental for group effectiveness? A meta-analytic investigation and theoretical integration

A Yu, FK Matta, B Cornfield

Academy of Management Journal | Academy of Management | Published : 2018


Despite the burgeoning number of studies that have examined leader-member exchange (LMX) differentiation, definitive conclusions regarding its effects remain scarce. We propose a theoretical framework for studying LMX differentiation through an equity-equality perspective derived from allocation preferences theory, allowing us to elucidate both the beneficial and detrimental influences LMX differentiation can have on workgroups. In a meta-analytic investigation including 4,114 workgroups and 21,745 individuals, we found that LMX differentiation was detrimental to collective harmony and solidarity, as indicated by a consistent negative relationship with emergent states and group processes. A ..

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University of Melbourne Researchers