Journal article

HIV-1-Based Virus-like Particles that Morphologically Resemble Mature, Infectious HIV-1 Virions

Christopher A Gonelli, Georges Khoury, Rob J Center, Damian FJ Purcell

VIRUSES-BASEL | MDPI | Published : 2019

Abstract

A prophylactic vaccine eliciting both broad neutralizing antibodies (bNAbs) to the HIV-1 envelope glycoprotein (Env) and strong T cell responses would be optimal for preventing HIV-1 transmissions. Replication incompetent HIV-1 virus-like particles (VLPs) offer the opportunity to present authentic-structured, virion-associated Env to elicit bNAbs, and also stimulate T cell responses. Here, we optimize our DNA vaccine plasmids as VLP expression vectors for efficient Env incorporation and budding. The original vector that was used in human trials inefficiently produced VLPs, but maximized safety by inactivating RNA genome packaging, enzyme functions that are required for integration into the h..

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