Journal article

Could an Impairment in Local Translation of mRNAs in Glia be Contributing to Pathogenesis in ALS?

Samantha K Barton, Jenna M Gregory, Siddharthan Chandran, Bradley J Turner

FRONTIERS IN MOLECULAR NEUROSCIENCE | FRONTIERS MEDIA SA | Published : 2019

Abstract

One of the key pathways implicated in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) pathogenesis is abnormal RNA processing. Studies to date have focussed on defects in RNA stability, splicing, and translation, but this review article will focus on the largely overlooked RNA processing mechanism of RNA trafficking, with particular emphasis on the importance of glia. In the central nervous system (CNS), oligodendrocytes can extend processes to myelinate and metabolically support up to 50 axons and astrocytes can extend processes to cover up to 100,000 synapses, all with differing local functional requirements. Furthermore, many of the proteins required in these processes are large, aggregation-prone pr..

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