Journal article

Is treatment "intensity" associated with healthier lifestyle choices? An application of the dose response function

Eleonora Fichera, Richard Emsley, Matt Sutton



Healthy lifestyle choices and doctor consultations can be substitutes or complements in the health production function. In this paper we consider the relation between the number of doctor consultations and the frequency of patient physical activity. We use a novel application of the Dose-Response Function model proposed by Hirano and Imbens (2004) to deal with treatment endogeneity under the no unmeasured confounding assumption. Our application takes account of unobserved heterogeneity and uses dynamic non-linear models for the treatment and outcome variables of interest. Using seven waves of the British Household Panel Survey, we find that higher treatment intensity and frequency of physica..

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Awarded by MRC Early Career Fellowship in Economics of Health

Awarded by Medical Research Council

Awarded by National Institute for Health Research

Funding Acknowledgements

Eleonora Fichera acknowledges financial support from the MRC Early Career Fellowship in Economics of Health (MR/K021583/1). The authors are grateful to Teresa Bago D'Uva from Erasmus University Rotterdam, for her assistance in modeling grouped counts. We also thank Andrew Jones and participants in the 6th Australasian Workshop on Econometrics and Health Economics in Melbourne for their helpful comments. The data used in this publication were made available through the ESRC Data Archive. The ESRC Research Centre originally collected the data on Micro social Change at the University of Essex (now incorporated within the Institute for Social and Economic Research). Neither the original collectors of the data nor the Archive bear any responsibility for the analyses or interpretations of the data that is the authors' alone.