Journal article

Adiposity and estrogen receptor-positive, postmenopausal breast cancer risk: Quantification of the mediating effects of fasting insulin and free estradiol

S Ghazaleh Dashti, Julie A Simpson, Amalia Karahalios, Vivian Viallon, Margarita Moreno-Betancur, Lyle C Gurrin, Robert J MacInnis, Brigid M Lynch, Laura Baglietto, Howard A Morris, Marc J Gunter, Pietro Ferrari, Roger L Milne, Graham G Giles, Dallas R English

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CANCER | WILEY | Published : 2020

Abstract

Adiposity increases estrogen receptor (ER)-positive postmenopausal breast cancer risk. While mechanisms underlying this relationship are uncertain, dysregulated sex-steroid hormone production and insulin signaling are likely pathways. Our aim was to quantify mediating effects of fasting insulin and free estradiol in the adiposity and ER-positive postmenopausal breast cancer association. We used data from a case-cohort study of sex hormones and insulin signaling nested within the Melbourne Collaborative Cohort Study. Eligible women, at baseline, were not diagnosed with cancer, were postmenopausal, did not use hormone therapy and had no history of diabetes or diabetes medication use. Women wit..

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