Journal article

INDUCTION OF SELECTIVE INNER HAIR CELL-DAMAGE BY CARBOPLATIN

S TAKENO, RV HARRISON, RJ MOUNT, M WAKE, Y HARADA

SCANNING MICROSCOPY | SCANNING MICROSCOPY INT | Published : 1994

Abstract

Carboplatin (diammine [1,1 cyclobutane dicarboxylato (2)-0,0'] platinum) is an anti-cancer agent which can be toxic to the inner ear. We have explored the nature of this ototoxicity in the chinchilla. In this species, initial degenerative changes appear to be restricted to the inner hair cell (IHC) regions of the organ of Corti. This finding is intriguing and unusual since all other known ototoxic drugs, such as aminoglycosides, are predominantly associated with outer hair cell damage. In the present study, the mechanism of ototoxicity was investigated by comparing two different routes of carboplatin administration. Carboplatin was administered either intravenously (i.v.) or intraperitoneall..

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