Journal article

Trends in cannabis-related ambulance presentations from 2000 to 2013 in Melbourne, Australia

Stephen J Kaar, Caroline X Gao, Belinda Lloyd, Karen Smith, Dan I Lubman



AIMS: The current burden of cannabis-related presentations to emergency health services is largely unknown. This paper presents data collected over a 13-year period in metropolitan Melbourne, Australia as part of the Ambo Project, a unique surveillance system that analyses and codes paramedic records for drug-related trends and harms. METHODS: Cannabis-related ambulance attendances involving 15-59 year olds in metropolitan Melbourne were analysed retrospectively from 2000 to 2013 (n=10,531). Trends and attendance characteristics were compared among cannabis only (CO)-, cannabis and alcohol (CA)- and cannabis with polydrug use (CP)-related attendances. Changes in alcohol and drug involvements..

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University of Melbourne Researchers


Funding Acknowledgements

The authors wish to acknowledge and thank Ambulance Victoria and its paramedics for their entry of data used in this study and Victorian Department of Health for funding this project. We also thank Turning Point staff who have coded ambulance record including: Cassidy Connor, Cathie Garrard, Annie Haines, Alexa Hayley, Bridget Jenkins, Liliana Laskaris, Heather Laurie, Elizabeth Le, Daniel Leung, Lisa Meyenn, Elke Mitchell, Melissa Reed, Andrew Rodsted, Adam Scott, Kay van NamenMerran Waterfall and Julie Wood. We also acknowledge the assistance of Sharon Matthews and Dr. Cherie Heilbronn for management and development of the project.