Journal article

When the tables are turned: The effects of the 2016 US Presidential election on in-group favoritism and out-group hostility

Burak Oc, Celia Moore, Michael R Bashshur



The outcome of the 2016 U.S. Presidential election was a big surprise to many, as the majority of polls had predicted the opposite outcome. In this two-stage cross-sectional study, we focus on how Democrats and Republicans reacted to this electoral surprise and how these reactions might have influenced the way they allocated resources to each other in small groups. We find that, before the election, Republicans showed greater in-group favoritism than Democrats, who treated others equally, regardless of their political affiliation. We then show that Democrats experienced the election outcome as an ego shock and, in the week following the election, reported significantly higher levels of negat..

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University of Melbourne Researchers


Funding Acknowledgements

This research was supported by the London Business School (CM) and Bocconi University (BO). The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.