Journal article

Effects of pharmacological lesion of the nucleus retroambiguus region on the pharyngeal phase of swallowing

S Fuse, Y Sugiyam, RR Dhingra, S Hirano, M Dutschmann, Y Oku

RESPIRATORY PHYSIOLOGY & NEUROBIOLOGY | ELSEVIER | Published : 2019

Abstract

Pharyngeal swallowing is controlled by synaptic interactions within a swallowing central pattern generator (sw-CPG) that is composed of a dorsal and a ventral swallowing group (VSG). Here, we used electrical stimulation (10 s) of the superior laryngeal nerve (SLN; 20 Hz; pulse width: 100 μs) to explore the role of the VSG in an arterially-perfused brainstem preparation of rats. To investigate the effects of pharmacological lesion (local microinjection of an GABA(A)-R agonist) of the nucleus retroambiguus (NRA), a designated component of the VSG, we recorded phrenic (PNA) and vagal nerve (VNA) activities. Control SLN stimulation with stepwise increasing stimulus intensities (from 20 μA to 160..

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