Journal article

Parental Self-Efficacy for Reducing the Risk of Adolescent Depression and Anxiety: Scale Development and Validation

Claire C Nicolas, Anthony F Jorm, Mairead C Cardamone-Breen, Katherine A Lawrence, Marie BH Yap

Journal of Research on Adolescence | WILEY | Published : 2020


Burgeoning research suggests that parents can reduce the risk of anxiety and depression in their adolescents and that parental self-efficacy (PSE) may be related to parental risk and protective factors for these disorders. As there are currently no measures available to assess PSE in relation to parenting behaviors that may reduce adolescent risk for depression and anxiety, we developed and validated a measure of PSE, the Parental Self-Efficacy Scale (PSES). Using a sample of 359 parents and 332 adolescents (aged 12-15), the PSES was found to have high reliability, confirmatory factor analysis supported its validity, and most of the hypothesized relationships between the PSES and other measu..

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