Journal article

Explaining variation in the burden of child and adolescent tuberculosis

Kathryn J Snow, Susan M Sawyer, Justin T Denholm, Stephen M Graham

European Respiratory Journal | European Respiratory Society | Published : 2019


We read with interest the recent publication by Chen et al regarding the burden of notified tuberculosis (TB) among adolescents and young adults in Taiwan[1]. The authors report that 10-24 year olds constituted only 5.2% of all newly diagnosed TB patients in Taiwan from 2005 to 2016, and that this percentage declined from around 6% in 2005 to around 4% in 2016. They contrast these figures with our estimate that young people constitute 17% of all people developing incident TB globally in 2012[2]. There are several factors that explain this apparently large discrepancy.