Journal article

Passaging of an influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 virus in a difluoro sialic acid inhibitor selects for a novel, but unfit I106M neuraminidase mutant

Jennifer L McKimm-Breschkin, Susan Barrett, Charley McKenzie-Kludas, Julie McAuley, Victor A Streltsov, Stephen G Withers

Antiviral Research | ELSEVIER | Published : 2019

Abstract

An influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 and an influenza B virus were passaged in 3-fluoro(eq)-4-guanidino difluoro sialic acid (3Feq4Gu DFSA), an inhibitor of the influenza neuraminidase (NA) to determine whether resistant variants could be selected. 3Feq4Gu DFSA is a mechanism-based inhibitor, forming a covalent link to Y406 in the NA active site. Given its similarity to the natural substrate, sialic acid, we predicted resistant variants would be difficult to select. Yields of both viruses decreased with passaging, so that after 12 passages both viruses were only growing to low titers. Drug concentrations were decreased for another three passages. There was no difference in NA sensitivity in the MUNANA ..

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