Whispers on the wind: male cane toads modify mate searching and amplexus tactics based on calls from other males
Gregory S Clarke, Richard Shine, Benjamin L Phillips
ANIMAL BEHAVIOUR | ACADEMIC PRESS LTD- ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD | Published : 2019
In many species of anurans, males produce advertisement calls that function to attract reproductively active females. Rival males may use the public information in these calls to optimize their own tactics for acquiring mates. To see whether male cane toads, Rhinella marina, modify their mate-searching and amplexus behaviours in response to conspecific calls, we monitored toads in outdoor enclosures while playing recordings of advertisement calls, a biologically irrelevant stimulus with similar acoustic properties or silence. Male toads were seven times more likely to engage in amplexus and moved twice as much during a toad chorus than during the control sound or silence. Nonacoustic cues al..View full abstract
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Awarded by Australian Research Council
We thank Madeleine Sanders for help with toad collection and experiment set-up and Gregory Brown for suggestions on experimental design. This study was funded by the Australian Research Council (Grant Number FT120100074, FT160100198).