Journal article

Health workers' strikes in low-income countries: the available evidence

Giuliano Russo, Lihui Xu, Michelle McIsaac, Marcelle Diane Matsika-Claquin, Ibadat Dhillon, Barbara McPake, James Campbell

BULLETIN OF THE WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION | WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION | Published : 2019

Abstract

Objective: To analyse the characteristics, frequency, drivers, outcomes and stakeholders of health workers' strikes in low-income countries. Methods: We reviewed the published and grey literature from online sources for the years 2009 to 2018. We used four search strategies: (i) exploration of main health and social sciences databases; (ii) use of specialized websites on human resources for health and development; (iii) customized Google search; and (iv) consultation with experts to validate findings. To analyse individual strike episodes, pre-existing conditions and influencing actors, we developed a conceptual framework from the literature. Results: We identified 116 records reporting on 7..

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