Journal article

Plasmodium sexual differentiation: how to make a female

Stuart A Ralph, Alfred Cortes



Sexual development is integral to the transmission of Plasmodium parasites between vertebrates and mosquitos. Recent years have seen great advances in understanding the gene expression that underlies commitment of asexual parasites to differentiate into sexual gametocyte stages, then how they mature and form gametes once inside a mosquito. Less well understood is how parasites differentially control development to become males or females. Plasmodium parasites are haploid at the time of sexual differentiation, but a clonal haploid line can produce both male and female gametocytes, so they presumably lack the sex-determining alleles present in some other eukaryotes. Though the molecular switch..

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University of Melbourne Researchers