Diagnosis of appendicitis in the paediatric emergency department: an update.
Ben Lawton, Henry Goldstein, Tessa Davis, Andrew Tagg
Curr Opin Pediatr | Published : 2019
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Concern regarding appendicitis is a common reason for presentation to the paediatric emergency department. We review recent progress in the use of biomarkers, imaging and clinical scoring systems in improving diagnostic accuracy in suspected appendicitis in children. RECENT FINDINGS: Use of ultrasound, often performed at the bedside, is becoming more widespread with a parallel reduction in computed tomography (CT) use. Protocols for image acquisition and interpretation have been shown to improve diagnostic accuracy. Novel biomarkers have been explored and clinical diagnostic algorithms refined but none have achieved the level of diagnostic accuracy required. SUMMARY: Appen..View full abstract