Cross-sectional examination of gender differences in depression and anxiety symptoms in patients with obstructive sleep apnea
Melinda L Jackson, Sanjeevan Muruganandan, Thomas Churchward, Julie Tolson, Christopher Worsnop
SLEEP AND BIOLOGICAL RHYTHMS | SPRINGER JAPAN KK | Published : 2019
This study examined the prevalence of depression and anxiety symptoms in OSA patients, and predictors of mood disturbance in male and female patients. N = 344 consecutive OSA patients (mean age 51.6 SD 14.1 years, 176 women) completed the Epworth Sleepiness Scale and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale. 42.3% of females reported significant depressive symptoms compared to 32.7% of males, and 29.7% of females compared to 21.4% of males reported significant anxiety. In women, sleepiness, anxiety, and BMI were significant predictors of depression, whereas only sleepiness and anxiety were significant predictors of depression in males. Obesity was a stronger predictor of depression among wo..View full abstract
Awarded by National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) of Australia Fellowship
The authors would like to thank the Sleep Laboratory staff for their assistance with data collection. MLJ was supported by a National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) of Australia Fellowship (APP1036292).