Differences in norms towards the use of nicotine vaping products among adult smokers, former smokers and nicotine vaping product users: cross-sectional findings from the 2016 ITC Four Country Smoking and Vaping Survey
Sarah Aleyan, Katherine East, Ann McNeill, K Michael Cummings, Geoffrey T Fong, Hua-Hie Yong, James F Thrasher, Ron Borland, Sara C Hitchman
Addiction | WILEY | Published : 2019
AIMS: To examine whether norms towards nicotine vaping product (NVP) use varied between Australia, Canada, England and the United States and by socio-demographics, smoking and NVP status. DESIGN: Cross-sectional data from the 2016 ITC Four Country Smoking and Vaping Survey. SETTING: Four countries with distinct regulatory policies relating to the sale and advertising of NVPs: Australia (most restrictive), Canada (restrictive), England and the United States (least restrictive). PARTICIPANTS: A total of 10900 adult (age 18+) current smokers, former smokers, or at least weekly NVP users. Respondents were from Australia (n = 1366), Canada (n = 3309), England (n = 3835) and the United States (n =..View full abstract
The authors would like to acknowledge Liam Jennions for assisting in earlier drafts of this manuscript. This study was supported by grants from the US National Cancer Institute (P01 CA200512), the Canadian Institutes of Health Research (FDN-148477), and by the National Health and Medical Research Council of Australia (APP 1106451). G.T.F. was supported by a Senior Investigator Award from the Ontario Institute for Cancer Research. G.T.F. was supported in part from a Senior Investigator Award from the Ontario Institute for Cancer Research. K.E. was supported by the UK Centre for Tobacco and Alcohol studies (grant code MR/K023195/1).