Journal article

Characteristics of nicotine vaping products used by participants in the 2016 ITC Four Country Smoking and Vaping Survey

Richard J O'Connor, Brian V Fix, Ann McNeill, Maciej L Goniewicz, Maansi Bansal-Travers, Bryan W Heckman, K Michael Cummings, Sara Hitchman, Ron Borland, David Hammond, David Levy, Shannon Gravely, Geoffrey T Fong

Addiction | WILEY | Published : 2019


BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The regulatory environment for nicotine vaping products (NVPs) varies widely across countries and this will probably affect the devices used, nicotine content and usage, and hence the ability of NVPs to substitute for cigarettes. We aimed to describe the types of NVPs used by current vapers in four countries with varying regulatory and enforcement approaches toward the marketing and sale of NVPs. METHODS: Data are from wave 1 (July-November 2016) of the ITC Four Country Smoking and Vaping Survey (4CV1), conducted among a cohort of current and former smokers, and current NVP users (n = 5147 adults; ≥ 18 years) in Australia (AU), Canada (CA), England (EN) and the United St..

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