Journal article

Exposure to and perceptions of health warning labels on nicotine vaping products: findings from the 2016 International Tobacco Control Four Country Smoking and Vaping Survey

Mairtin S McDermott, Grace Li, Ann McNeill, David Hammond, James F Thrasher, Richard J O'Connor, K Michael Cummings, Ron Borland, Geoffrey T Fong, Sara C Hitchman

Addiction | WILEY | Published : 2019


BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The presence and content of health warning labels (HWLs) on nicotine vaping products (NVPs), such as electronic cigarettes, varies by country and manufacturer. We compared proportions of people who report (i) noticing HWLs on NVPs and (ii) feeling concerned having noticed HWLs, by country and by smoking or vaping status. We also examined recall of HWL content and whether this varies by country. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. SETTING: Australia (AU), Canada (CA), England (EN) and the United States (US). At the time of data collection, HWLs on NVPs were only mandatory in EN. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 11 561 respondents from the following samples in the 2016 International T..

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