Indicators of cigarette smoking dependence and relapse in former smokers who vape compared with those who do not: findings from the 2016 International Tobacco Control Four Country Smoking and Vaping Survey
Ann McNeil, Pete Driezen, Sara C Hitchman, K Michael Cummings, Geoffrey T Fong, Ron Borland
Addiction | WILEY | Published : 2019
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: It has been proposed that many smokers switch to vaping because their nicotine addiction makes this their only viable route out of smoking. We compared indicators of prior and current cigarette smoking dependence and of relapse in former smokers who were daily users of nicotine vaping products ('vapers') or who were not vaping at the time of survey ('non-vapers'). DESIGN: Cross sectional survey-based comparison between vaping and non-vaping former smokers, including a weighted logistic regression of vaping status onto predictor variables, adjusting for covariates specified below. SETTING: US, Canada, Australia, England PARTICIPANTS: 1070 people aged 18+ years from the 20..View full abstract
Awarded by US National Cancer Institute
Awarded by Canadian Institutes of Health Research
Awarded by National Health and Medical Research Council of Australia
This study was supported by grants from the US National Cancer Institute P01CA200512, the Canadian Institutes of Health Research (FDN - 148477), and by the National Health and Medical Research Council of Australia (APP1106451). G.T.F. was supported in part from a Senior Investigator Award from the Ontario Institute for Cancer Research.