Walkable Urban Design Attributes and Japanese Older Adults' Body Mass Index: Mediation Effects of Physical Activity and Sedentary Behavior
Mohammad Javad Javad Koohsari, Andrew T Kaczynski, Tomoki Nakaya, Ai Shibata, Kaori Ishii, Akitomo Yasunaga, Ellen W Stowe, Tomoya Hanibuchi, Koichiro Oka
American Journal of Health Promotion | SAGE PUBLICATIONS INC | Published : 2019
PURPOSE: The purposes of this study were to examine associations between objectively measured walkable urban design attributes with Japanese older adults' body mass index (BMI) and to test whether objectively assessed physical activity and sedentary behavior mediated such associations. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Matsudo City, Chiba Prefecture, Japan. PARTICIPANTS: Participants were 297 older residents (aged 65-84 years) randomly selected from the registry of residential addresses. MEASURES: Walkable urban design attributes, including population density, availability of physical activity facilities, intersection density, and access to public transportation stations, were calculated usi..View full abstract
Awarded by JSPS Postdoctoral Fellowship for Research in Japan from the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science
Awarded by JSPS KAKENHI
Awarded by MEXT-Supported Program for the Strategic Research Foundation at Private Universities, 2015-2019 the Japan Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology
The author(s) disclosed receipt of the following financial support for the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article: Koohsari was supported by a JSPS Postdoctoral Fellowship for Research in Japan (#17716) from the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science. Nakaya was supported by the JSPS KAKENHI (#JP15H02964). Hanibuchi was supported by the JSPS KAKENHI (#JP25704018). Oka is supported by the MEXT-Supported Program for the Strategic Research Foundation at Private Universities, 2015-2019 the Japan Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (S1511017). None of the authors has any financial interest in walkscore.com.