Exploring natural variation of photosynthesis in a site-specific manner: evolution, progress, and prospects.
Prabuddha Dehigaspitiya, Paul Milham, Gavin J Ash, Kiruba Arun-Chinnappa, Dananjali Gamage, Anke Martin, Seiji Nagasaka, Saman Seneweera
Planta | Springer | Published : 2019
MAIN CONCLUSION: Site-specific changes of photosynthesis, a relatively new concept, can be used to improve the productivity of critical food crops to mitigate the foreseen food crisis. Global food security is threatened by an increasing population and the effects of climate change. Large yield improvements were achieved in major cereal crops between the 1950s and 1980s through the Green Revolution. However, we are currently experiencing a significant decline in yield progress. Of the many approaches to improved cereal yields, exploitation of the mode of photosynthesis has been intensely studied. Even though the C4 pathway is considered the most efficient, mainly because of the carbon concent..View full abstract