Book Chapter

ALpha-Actinin-3’s Role in the Genetic Control of Muscle Strength and Performance

JT Seto, FC Garton, KN North, PJ Houweling, J Timothy Lightfoot, Monica Hubal, Stephen Roth

Routledge Handbook of Sport and Exercise Systems Genetics | Routledge | Published : 2019

Abstract

The α-actinin-3 gene (ACTN3) R577X polymorphism is one of the most highly studied genetic variations associated with human skeletal muscle function and performance. This chapter summarizes the current research in ACTN3 R577X and discusses the molecular mechanisms that underlie the consequences of a-actinin-3 deficiency, with new insights into implications for the general population beyond athletic performance — in healthy ageing, muscle disuse, and disease. The α-actinins are a family of four actin-binding proteins that have evolved from repeated gene duplication events to perform similar roles in different cell types. The role of sarcomeric α-actinins in the maintenance of ordered myofibril..

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