Antibiotic Class and Outcome in Post-stroke Infections: An Individual Participant Data Pooled Analysis of VISTA-Acute.
Craig J Smith, Calvin Heal, Andy Vail, Adam R Jeans, Willeke F Westendorp, Paul J Nederkoorn, Diederik van de Beek, Lalit Kalra, Joan Montaner, Mark Woodhead, Andreas Meisel
Frontiers in Neurology | Published : 2019
Introduction: Antibiotics used to treat post-stroke infections have differing antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory effects. Our aim was to investigate whether antibiotic class was associated with outcome after post-stroke infection. Methods: We analyzed pooled individual participant data from the Virtual International Stroke Trials Archive (VISTA)-Acute. Patients with ischemic stroke and with an infection treated with systemic antibiotic therapy during the first 2 weeks after stroke onset were eligible. Antibiotics were grouped into eight classes, according to antimicrobial mechanism and prevalence. The primary analysis investigated whether antibiotic class for any infection, or for pneumonia..View full abstract