Spontaneous strategy use protects against visual working memory deficits in older adults infected with HIV.
Steven Paul Woods, Erica Weber, Marizela V Cameron, Matthew S Dawson, Lisa Delano-Wood, Mark W Bondi, Igor Grant, undefined HIV Neurobehavioral Research Center (HNRC) Group
Arch Clin Neuropsychol | Published : 2010
Recent studies suggest that older human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected adults are at particular risk for HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders (HAND), including dementia. Deficits in attention/working memory are posited to play a central role in the development of HAND among older adults. The aim of the present study was to examine the possible protective benefits of spontaneous strategy use during a visual working memory task in 46 older and 42 younger adults infected with HIV. Results revealed a significant interaction between age and strategy use, with older adults who used a meta-cognitive strategy demonstrating superior working memory performance versus non-strategy users. This..View full abstract
Awarded by NIMH NIH HHS
Awarded by NIA NIH HHS