Journal article

New Perspectives on the Aging Lexicon

Dirk U Wulff, Simon De Deyne, Michael N Jones, Rui Mata, Joseph L Austerweil, R Harald Baayen, David A Balota, Andrea Baronchelli, Marc Brysbaert, Qing Cai, Simon Dennis, Thomas T Hills, Yoed N Kenett, Emmanuel Keuleers, Marco Marelli, Serguei Pakhomov, Michael Ramscar, Lael J Schooler, Yee Lee Shing, Alessandra S da Souza Show all

TRENDS IN COGNITIVE SCIENCES | ELSEVIER SCIENCE LONDON | Published : 2019

Abstract

The field of cognitive aging has seen considerable advances in describing the linguistic and semantic changes that happen during the adult life span to uncover the structure of the mental lexicon (i.e., the mental repository of lexical and conceptual representations). Nevertheless, there is still debate concerning the sources of these changes, including the role of environmental exposure and several cognitive mechanisms associated with learning, representation, and retrieval of information. We review the current status of research in this field and outline a framework that promises to assess the contribution of both ecological and psychological aspects to the aging lexicon.