Journal article

The fungal gene cluster for biosynthesis of the antibacterial agent viriditoxin.

Andrew S Urquhart, Jinyu Hu, Yit-Heng Chooi, Alexander Idnurm

Fungal Biol Biotechnol | Published : 2019


Background: Viriditoxin is one of the 'classical' secondary metabolites produced by fungi and that has antibacterial and other activities; however, the mechanism of its biosynthesis has remained unknown. Results: Here, a gene cluster (vdt) responsible for viriditoxin synthesis was identified, via a bioinformatics analysis of the genomes of Paecilomyces variotii and Aspergillus viridinutans that both are viriditoxin producers. The function of the eight-membered gene cluster of P. variotii was characterized by targeted gene disruptions, revealing the roles of each gene in the synthesis of this molecule and establishing its biosynthetic pathway, which includes a Baeyer-Villiger monooxygenase ca..

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University of Melbourne Researchers