Journal article

Ectoparasites Pediculosis and tungiasis

Sarah J Coates, Cristina Thomas, Olivier Chosidow, Daniel Engelman, Aileen Y Chang

Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology | MOSBY-ELSEVIER | Published : 2020

Abstract

Pediculosis is an infestation of lice on the body, head, and/or pubic region that occurs worldwide. Lice are ectoparasites of the order Phthiraptera that feed on the blood of infested hosts. Their morphotype dictates their clinical features. Body lice may transmit bacterial pathogens that cause trench fever, relapsing fever, and epidemic typhus, which are potentially life-threatening diseases that remain relevant in contemporary times. Recent data from some settings suggest head lice may harbor pathogens. Herein, the epidemiology, clinical manifestations, and management of body, head, and pubic louse infestation are reviewed. New therapies for head lice and screening considerations for pubic..

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