Assessing surface heat flux products with in situ observations over the Australian sector of the Southern Ocean
Vidhi Bharti, Eric Schulz, Christopher W Fairall, Byron W Blomquist, Yi Huang, Alain Protat, Steven T Siems, Michael J Manton
Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology | American Meteorological Society | Published : 2019
Given the large uncertainties in surface heat fluxes over the Southern Ocean, an assessment of fluxes obtained by European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts interim reanalysis (ERA-Interim) product, the Australian Integrated Marine Observing System (IMOS) routine observations, and the Objectively Analyzed Air–Sea Heat Fluxes (OAFlux) project hybrid dataset is performed. The surface fluxes are calculated using the COARE 3.5 bulk algorithm with in situ data obtained from the NOAA Physical Sciences Division flux system during the Clouds, Aerosols, Precipitation, Radiation, and Atmospheric Composition over the Southern Ocean (CAPRICORN) experiment on board the R/V Investigator during a v..View full abstract
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Awarded by ARC Centre of Excellence for Climate System Science
This research is supported by the ARC Centre of Excellence for Climate System Science (Grant DP150102894). Authors are thankful to the CSIRO Marine National Facility (MNF) for its grant of sea time on the R/V Investigator and associated personnel, scientific equipment, and data management. The first author extends gratitude to the ECMWF support team, Paul Berrisford, and Anton Beljaars for their help. Last, we acknowledge the crucial roles played by Tom Trull (CSIRO), the lead chief scientist, Tegan Sime, the MNF voyage manager, and the Investigator crew on making this research voyage a success. We thank the editor and two anonymous reviewers whose valuable suggestions significantly improved this paper. The CAPRICORN 2016 data archive is available from NOAA (gov. noaa. nodc: 0170257; https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/archivesearch/rest/find/document? f=searchPage& searchText=0170257&x=0&y=0).