Journal article

Junction-based lamellipodia drive endothelial cell rearrangements in vivo via a VE-cadherin/F-actin based oscillatory ratchet mechanism

Ilkka Paatero, Loïc Sauteur, Minkyoung Lee, Anne Lagendijk, Daniel Heutschi, Dimitri Bieli, Benjamin Hogan, Markus Affolter, Heinz-Georg Belting

Published : 2017

Abstract

Abstract Angiogenesis and vascular remodeling are driven by a wide range of endothelial cell behaviors, such as cell divisions, cell movements, cell shape and polarity changes. To decipher the cellular and molecular mechanism of cell movements, we have analyzed the dynamics of different junctional components during blood vessel anastomosis in vivo . We show that endothelial cell movements are associated with oscillating lamellipodia-like structures, which are orientated in the direction of these movements. These structures emerge from endothelial cell junctions and we thus call them junction-based lamellipodia (JBL). High-resolution time-lapse imaging shows that JBL are formed by F-actin bas..

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