Journal article

Role theory of schools and adolescent health

Chris Bonell, Sarah-Jayne Blakemore, Adam Fletcher, George Patton

The Lancet Child & Adolescent Health | ELSEVIER SCI LTD | Published : 2019

Abstract

Evidence that health and education are interlinked is transforming investment in adolescent health. However, no comprehensive theory of how schools influence mental and physical health, which could guide, and be tested through, empirical studies, exists. Using neuroscience, sociology, and other disciplines, we theorise that schools catering for students age 11-18 years can influence health by affecting the behavioural roles that are available for students to perform, the resources available to influence student behaviour, and how peers and teachers (known as the audience) respond. Some schools offer opportunities for students to adopt diverse pro-school roles and to maintain these roles via ..

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