Journal article

Water-energy nexus of the eastern route of China's south-to-north water transfer project

D Chen, D Zhang, Z Luo, M Webber, S Rogers

Water Policy | IWA Publishing | Published : 2019

Abstract

This article investigates the energy intensity and related impacts of the Eastern Route of China's South-North Water Transfer Project, based on the concept of the water-energy nexus. It finds that from November 2013 to May 2017 a total of 2.35 billion kWh of energy was consumed to transfer 15.5 billion m3 water driven by a large-scale system of pumping stations. This energy production required 7.4 million m3 of virtual water and emitted 1.93 MtCO2e of carbon. An average water-energy nexus ratio of 0.05% indicates that transferring 100 m3 of water consumes 0.05 m3 of virtual water due to the electricity consumption of the Eastern Route's pumping stations. It is estimated that to transfer 7.3 ..

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University of Melbourne Researchers

Grants

Awarded by Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities


Awarded by National Key Research and Development Program of China


Awarded by Australian Research Council


Funding Acknowledgements

This research is supported by the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (2018B12414), the National Key Research and Development Program of China (2017YFC040320502), Australian Research Council for Discovery Project Grant (DP170104138) and a project funded by the Priority Academic Program Development of Jiangsu Higher Education Institutions (PAPD).